Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are small compounds made up of salts, minerals, and other things found in urine. When the balance of components in the urine is off, or a person is dehydrated, these things may stick to the walls of the kidneys, the ureter, or the bladder, forming crystals. These crystals can then form into stones. The most common type of stones are formed from excessive calcium buildup. However, do not limit your calcium intake unless specifically instructed to do so by a doctor, as this can lead to other imbalances. Many people have kidney stones and never know it, passing them without pain. However, if the stones become lodged between the kidneys and the bladder, it can cause extreme pain and necessitate medical intervention.

Symptoms and Risk Factors

Some symptoms of kidney stones include severe lower-stomach pain, red-tinged urine, an inability to urinate, and nausea.

If someone in your immediate family has had kidney stones, you are more likely to develop them. Also, imbalanced diets with too little fruits, vegetables, and fiber can contribute to kidney stones. If the problem is untreated, people who have previously experienced kidney stones are likely to get them again. Additionally, inactive lifestyles contribute to the occurrence of kidney stones. Frequently getting up and lightly exercising can help pass small stones.

Dehydration also contributes to developing kidney stones; thus, they are more likely to occur during the summer months. Keeping yourself well-hydrated and making sure that you are urinating enough daily is one form of prevention.

When Is Medical Intervention Necessary?

If you are experiencing pain and discomfort from kidney stones, see your doctor as soon as possible. They can perform tests to determine the size of the stones. Stones that are small enough can be passed without damaging your urinary systems. If they are too large, surgical intervention will be needed. Talk with your doctor about the different procedures available, and which would be the best in your circumstances.

Your doctor will also perform blood tests and urine analyses to determine why your body is producing kidney stones. Once they have determined what the imbalance is, your doctor can recommend the necessary diet changes or other measures you should take to prevent more stones from forming. By following your doctor’s advice regarding fluid intake and necessary medications, you can eliminate the pain and inconvenience of kidney stones.

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